Pa Kua, or Bagua, is one of the most difficult to masterand also one of the most beautiful of the internal martial arts. Unlike Tai Chi, Pa Kua uses more power and dynamic motion to accomplish its goals. Pa Kua relies on physically powerful, limber and active waist and hip movements and places emphasis on footwork and body motion. In application the hand and foot techniques are applied through the use of unified body motion. In addition to being soft and expansive, it relies on twisting and turning and leaning forward and back to increase the degree of movement in the hips, waist, and shoulders so that one can easily dissipate force in any direction.
Dragon Shape Pa Kua is taught at Lee’s. It is characterized by twisting, spiraling, coiling and spinning. If one practices this style, with time one’s flexibility and springiness will improve greatly and one’s movements will become quick and lively. In addition to teaching techniques to enable one to throw the power of the entire body into one palm, this form also enables the practitioner to develop skill in sticking to an opponent’s back, dissipate force from an opponent’s attack, handle surprise attacks, and contend with multiple opponents.
Pa Kua boxing is, without doubt, the king of internal fighting and is said to enhance the natural grace of the human body. It is elegant, dignified, and provides the key needed to develop perfect balance both in practice and self-defense. By “walking the circle,” the Pa Kua practitioner strengthens his neck, arms, wrists, and ankles, increases the flexibility of his waist, and helps the Chi to flow freely along the body’s channels.
Fu Chen Sung’s Pa Kua Chang
Fu Chen Sung was primarily noted as a Pa Kua master and is famous for his creation of the Dragon Shape Pa Kua Chang art. He was also skilled in the art of Chen Tai Chi Chuan which he learned from Chen Ting Xi. Inspired by the principles of Tai Chi Chuan, he incorporated the key elements of Pa Kua Chang into several new Tai Chi Chuan forms he created such as Fu Style Tai Chi Chuan, Tai Chi Lightning Palm and Tai Chi Lightning Fist. But it was his Pa Kua Dragon Palm style along with his ferociously fleeting and practical “pivotal power” which sealed his fame forever.He was one of the Canton Five Tigers and became head instructor of the Central Guo Shu Institute in 1928.
Fu Chen Sung studied Pa Kua under Dong Haichuan’s senior students Cheng Ting Hua and Ma Gui and over the years exchanged his great knowledge with many other masters such as Sun Lu Tang and Yang Chan Po (Yang Cheng-Fu). It is said that Fu Chen Sung was the only one able to dissolve Yang Chan Po’s pushing hands and the two became the best of friends. Fu Chen Sung was known in the history books as a giant both for his martial genius and for promoting the internal martial arts throughout China.
General Sun Paul Kung
General Sun Paul Kung was primarily noted in the struggle for control of China as one of the three possible rulers of China, Mao Zedong, Chang Kai-shek, and General Sun Paul Kung. General Sun was the first to lose in his bid to unify China and ended up in Hong Kong after World War II and studied with Fu Chen Sung.
Johnny Kwong Ming Lee
Master Lee is one of the most renowned Fu Pa Kua instructors in the U.S. since 1975 and is a disciple of General Sun Paul Kung. According to Internal Arts Magazine, “he is one of the most knowledgeable Masters of Pa Kua in the country.”